This article is part of an extensive series of articles to walk creators through the process of making a 360-degree video, from start to finish.
360 videos can immerse us in the lives of others, but it isn’t always easy to put someone in the shoes of others.
Where will you put the camera? How much of the body will they be able to see? How will you stitch the head?
How to shoot first person point-of-view 360 video is a question plaguing me right now as I prep for a shoot where the viewer must be attached to a physical body for the experience to work.
Coincidentally, it’s a question I’ve been asked by readers twice already this week. I’m not alone! They’re not alone! We’re all trying to figure this out…
That’s why I decided to write up a post based on my replies to those readers, my own research, and a few first person POV experiments I’ve seen from other immersive shooters.
How are people in the industry handling first person POV 360 video today? What’s working? What’s not working? And how can we do this better?
Wearable 360 camera necklaces and glasses
In the spring of 2016, there were rumors that Samsung was making a 360-degree camera in form of a necklace. But the AMe, or AroundMe, camera has yet to come to fruition.
Lately, I’ve seen other companies pursuing similar concepts, including the OrbiPrime 360 video-recording sunglasses and the Fitt360 360 video-recording neckband (which just wrapped up its Kickstarter campaign, raising more than $300,000 from 900+ backers).
Though the approach is slightly different, there are benefits to both neck-mounted and eyewear-style options. For example, a neck-mounted camera would be a bit more stable and the camera orientation wouldn’t change as much when the wearer turns his or her head. However, it’s also located about 6-8 inches too low for true first-person perspective. With both cameras, there’s also the issue of clothing or hair obstructing the camera’s view.
But, honestly, that’s just where the issues begin. There’s also the issue of low video quality and less-than-ideal solutions for handling the The bottom of the sphere..
Here’s a sample from the OrbiPrime:
And here’s one from the Fitt360:
As you can see in the samples, both of these cameras cover the body with a black circle. Without the ability to see the body, what is the value of mounting a camera on a body versus a much more stable tripod (with a higher quality camera)?
(Sidenote: more recent samples from the Fitt360 look a bit better, but stitching the The bottom of the sphere. still leaves a black hole and stitching errors)
It seems wearable 360 cameras just aren’t “there” yet…To me, these two issues are deal-breakers for a pro production.
Helmet-mounted 360 cameras
Perhaps the most popular option to date is mounting 360 cameras on a helmet.
But this solution often results in footage that’s noticeably too high for eye level. That could be limited, though, by choosing the right camera. For example, a shorter camera, like the Vuze for stereo 4K or the Garmin Virb360 for monoscopic 5.7K, would lead to much more realistic results than a taller camera like the Fusion or the Insta360 Pro.
The benefit of this option is there are plenty of helmets with ¼-inch tripod mounts and the cameras used are versatile beyond first-person shots.
The question here is how much of the body will we see with the clunky helmet immediately beneath the camera? Mounting the camera forward a bit, rather than directly on top of the helmet, would help. But is it enough?
Another experiment I’ve seen comes from DoP, editor and director Svend Even Hærra. He mounted a 360 camera with a flat body (the GoPro Fusion) from a helmet in front of the face instead of on top of the helmet.
Svend’s rationale behind placing the camera in front of the face, rather than on the helmet, was that this film was meant to be viewed in headset, like below, and the face wouldn’t be as distracting in that format.
I’m curious to know what you guys think of the results. Does the person’s face distract you? Is it better or worse than footage where the perspective is too high?
(Sidenote: Svend has experimented with first-person POV in a number of ways. He did a shoot with a fake body for a drama he’s currently working on alongside director Even Benestad, where he was able to place the camera exactly where the head would be. He mounted an Entaniya 250 lens to a Sony FS7 with e mount so he could record 4K 60fps 10bit s-log3. The lens also works with DSLRs or RED cameras. By capturing 250 degrees rather than a full 360-degree camera, Svend was able to stay near the camera while shooting and also eliminated the question of what to do with the back of the head. But, using fake bodies only works if the person won’t be moving and for fiction/non-journalistic purposes. Regardless, I do recommend keeping up with his experiments in perspective and embodiment! Here’s a video he recommends watching if you’re interested in learning more about effective POV filming.)
High-end and custom options
Perhaps the best option out there for high-end productions would be something like Radiant Images’ Mobius 2.0 POV system.
The Mobius is an array of action cameras that surround the head of a performer/actor. The footage can be stitched in such a way that the viewer can see the actor’s body while the head can be removed so no direction of view is obstructed.
Here’s a sample from the Mobius:
And here’s a video where you can learn about its more advanced features:
The issue here is that this high-end option isn’t economically feasible for most of us. Not to mention, I imagine the stitching to get footage as perfect as the sample footage would be very, very difficult.
Some VR content creators, like Ali Zareiee, have solved the problem by building their own solutions. Ali’s been experimenting with custom POV rigs since 2013 and in 2015 built a 3-axis gyro-based solution with 600 updates per second so the wearer can turn their head at a normal speed without moving the cameras.
But, Ali said, the custom solutions are quite expensive and out of most production companies’ budgets and aren’t available for rent (though he is designing a custom solution for an astronaut training program). He recommends Entapano extreme An extreme wide-angle lens, with image distortion occurring at the edges of the frame. lenses for first person POV filming rigs.
So, what are we to do? How are we to handle first person POV shooting? Who’s getting first person POV right in VR today?
Unfortunately, I don’t have the answer. But, I hope this post can open up a discussion, because it’s one we need to have–hopefully before my next shoot 😉